Graham and Rhona Beck Skills Centre Blog

Graham and Rhona Beck Skills Centre Blog

AgriScience Careers:

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on Tuesday, 21 October 2014 in Skills Centre Blog

Definitions:

1. The science of understanding and optimising agriculture. (Wordweb online)

2. A discipline dealing with selection, breeding, and management of crops and domestic animals for more economical production. (TheFreeDictionary)

3. Application of scientific principles and new technologies.

The basic science:

A. Biology: The study of living things

B. Chemistry: Deals with elements and simple substance

C. Biochemistry: Focuses on chemistry as it is applied over living things.

Agriscience examples:

I. Agronomy Uses biology and chemistry to produce and control crops.

II. Entomology Uses biology and chemistry to study insect life

III. Agriculture engineering Uses physics to develop new machines, tools and implements

IV. Biotechnology Uses biology, genetics, and chemistry to modify or change organisms for a useful purpose.

AgriScience does not only involve farming but also careers in farm safety, animals, environmental work, soil, biotechnology and education.

Careers paths:

1) Agriculture scientist

2) Agronomist

3) Animal keeper

4) Biochemist

5) County extension education director

6) Dairy farmer

7) Environmental analyst

8) Field biologist

9) Groundskeeper

10) Landscape architect

11) Marine biologist

12) Meteorologist

13) Park ranger

14) State peace officer

15) Veterinarian

 

i. What is Agricultural Economics?

Agricultural economics combines the technical aspects of agriculture with the business aspects of management, marketing and finance. It comprises the study of natural resources, agribusiness and the processing and marketing of agricultural products as well as analysing the overseas agricultural market.

ii. What is Agronomy?

Agronomy is the study and science of crop production and the production systems used. This includes the extensive open field cultivation of plant species for human food supply, livestock and poultry feed, fibers, oils and certain industrial products. It also looks at the improvement of crops (cereals, protein and oilseed harvests) in a sustainable manner to ensure sufficient food supply for an ever-increasing world population. As a field of study Agronomy integrates crop, soil and related sciences. Agronomists are presently involved in many issues including food production, the production of healthier food, managing the environmental impact of agriculture, and even creating energy from plants.

iii. Animal Sciences

Animal Sciences entails the scientific study of the feeding, breeding, physiology and production of animals. This includes not only aspects of farming with cattle, sheep, pigs and goats, but also a wide range of species, such as milk and meat cattle, wool and meat sheep, game, poultry and ostrich. The field also includes the study of aquaculture, or fish and shellfish species. Fresh-water aquaculture focuses on species such as trout, tilapia, crocodiles, fresh-water crayfish and prawns, while marine aquaculture focuses on species such as oysters, mussels, abalone and salmon. As the livestock industry is the largest agricultural sector in South Africa, it is imperative to sustain it for the sake of the South African economy.

This is to name but a few careers in AgriScience. It’s a vast and wide variety of paths one can follow. It is also a much needed career for the development of South Africa and other countries. With the population growing more and more Agri -scientist are needed to help expand and develop the environment. Agriculture contributes substantially to the country's gross domestic product, is a significant earner of foreign currency, an important supplier of job opportunities and provides for people's basic food and fiber needs.  Moreover agri-tourism is gaining in popularity.

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