Graham and Rhona Beck Skills Centre Blog

Graham and Rhona Beck Skills Centre Blog

Different Management Levels:

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on Monday, 22 September 2014 in Skills Centre Blog

According to Wikipedia “management in business and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or initiative to accomplish a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources. Management is also an academic discipline, a social science whose object of study is the social organization”.

There are three different levels of management in an organization namely:

1. Top Management:

Top management usually consists of the board of directors, partners and managing directors. They convert the company’s policies into goals, objectives, strategies and projects with the shared vision of the entire organization in mind. Top management is a relatively small group of people who lead the organization. They have the final authority, are responsible for the decisions that are made and they are responsible for the management team below them. In other words they are responsible for the organization as a whole. Top management also determines the vision, mission, goals and overall strategies of the entire organization. Top Management is mainly concern with long-term planning, leading the organization and monitoring the overall performance.

 

2. Middle Management:

Middle management consist of heads of specific departments (e.g. marketing, production, financial) or business units, they can even be project managers. In other words they are responsible for the specific departments in the organization and are primary concern with implementing the strategic plan formulated by the top management. So the main purpose of middle management is to implement the policies and plans of the top management. Middle management have the biggest layer of managers in a traditional organization.  Middle management focuses on the near future. They are responsible for middle-term planning, organizing functional areas and monitoring their own departments.

 

3. Lower Management:

Lower management is responsible for an even smaller section within the organization. Lower management will normally be supervisors, line boss, foreman or section chief. First line management normally deals with monthly, weakly and daily management of their sections. They ensure that the plans of middle management are carried out by the subordinates. First line management usually spends a large portion of their time on supervising the work of the subordinates. Lower management holds the power to increase or decrease the productivity of most organizations.

 

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